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在美國,越來越多大學院校都選擇加入Common Application系統來進行招生,根據官方公布數字,已有超過600所學校加入Common Application;而擁有10個分校的加州大學(University of California)則始終使用自己的一套招生系統來為9個分校進行大學部招生(San Francisco分校不招收大學部學生)。


在招生越來越競爭的時代,許多學校都針對申請條件以及文件要求進行不少調整,希望可以招募到更多優秀的學生。Common Application近年來在入學申請的申論題題目上陸續進行些許調整,加州大學則在睽違9年後也於2016年3月宣布,將自2008年入學申請沿用至今的申論題題目進行全面改版。


新舊題目有哪些不同的地方呢?

舊題目 新題目
題目數量 2題 從8題中自選4題
字數限制 2題加總字數不可超過1000字,建議每題字數不少於250字。 每題字數不可超過350字
題目型態 題目範圍較廣,回答較不受限制 將原有題目再深化,更注重學生個人特質與經歷;具彈性,申請者可選擇適合自己發揮的題目
適用年份 自2008年沿用至2016年終止 2017年申請入學開始適用
注意事項 部份分校(E.g. UC Berkeley)會針對特定科系設定更多細節規定,申請者必須留意 各分校是否會針對特定科系有其他規定,必須持續關注學校網頁


2017年入學申請申論題新題目如下:以下題目僅適用於申請大一入學者

Freshman: Personal insight questions

What do you want UC to know about you? Here’s your chance to tell us in your own words.


Directions

  • You will have 8 questions to choose from. You must respond to only 4 of the 8 questions.
  • Each response is limited to a maximum of 350 words.
  • Which questions you choose to answer is entirely up to you: But you should select questions that are most relevant to your experience and that best reflect your individual circumstances.

Keep in mind

  • All questions are equal: All are given equal consideration in the application review process, which means there is no advantage or disadvantage to choosing certain questions over others.
  • There is no right or wrong way to answer these questions: It’s about getting to know your personality, background, interests and achievements in your own unique voice.

Questions & Guidance

Remember, the personal questions are just that — personal. Which means you should use our guidance for each question just as a suggestion in case you need help. The important thing is expressing who are you, what matters to you and what you want to share with UC.

  1. Describe an example of your leadership experience in which you have positively influenced others, helped resolve disputes, or contributed to group efforts over time.
    • Things to consider: A leadership role can mean more than just a title. It can mean being a mentor to others, acting as the person in charge of a specific task, or a taking lead role in organizing an event or project. Think about your accomplishments and what you learned from the experience. What were your responsibilities?

    • Did you lead a team? How did your experience change your perspective on leading others? Did you help to resolve an important dispute at your school, church in your community or an organization? And your leadership role doesn’t necessarily have to be limited to school activities. For example, do you help out or take care of your family?

    • Tips:你如何定義領導者?列出你認為領導者必須俱備的三個特質,你是否擁有這些特質?你是否曾經在某個時刻展現這樣的特質?

  2. Every person has a creative side, and it can be expressed in many ways: problem solving, original and innovative thinking, and artistically, to name a few. Describe how you express your creative side.
    • Things to consider: What does creativity mean to you? Do you have a creative skill that is important to you? What have you been able to do with that skill? If you used creativity to solve a problem, what was your solution? What are the steps you took to solve the problem?

    • How does your creativity influence your decisions inside or outside the classroom? Does your creativity relate to your major or a future career?

    • Tips:針對一個議題或問題,你是否曾與其他人有著不同的觀點?透過你的觀察,它是什麼樣子?你用的方法與別人有何不同?你是否曾憑著自己的想像力與直覺引導你解決一個問題?你是否對音樂、戲劇、視覺藝術、舞蹈等等充滿熱情?如果有,你覺得你從這之中獲得了些什麼並且對你的生活產生哪些變化?

  3. What would you say is your greatest talent or skill? How have you developed and demonstrated that talent over time?
    • Things to consider: If there’s a talent or skill that you’re proud of, this is the time to share it. You don’t necessarily have to be recognized or have received awards for your talent (although if you did and you want to talk about, feel free to do so). Why is this talent or skill meaningful to you?

    • Does the talent come naturally or have you worked hard to develop this skill or talent? Does your talent or skill allow you opportunities in or outside the classroom? If so, what are they and how do they fit into your schedule?

    • Tips:列出幾個你自認為的天賦或技能,想想這些技能是否與幾年前相同?有什麼改變?有什麼改善?在這之中,哪一項天賦或技能是你認為最有意義且最重要的?原因是什麼?是與生俱來的還是你努力耕耘而培養出來的?

  4. Describe how you have taken advantage of a significant educational opportunity or worked to overcome an educational barrier you have faced.
    • Things to consider: An educational opportunity can be anything that has added value to your educational experience and better prepared you for college. For example, participation in an honors or academic enrichment program, or enrollment in an academy that’s geared toward an occupation or a major, or taking advanced courses that interest you — just to name a few.

    • If you choose to write about educational barriers you’ve faced, how did you overcome or strived to overcome them? What personal characteristics or skills did you call on to overcome this challenge? How did overcoming this barrier help shape who are you today?

    • Tips:
      • 列出幾個幫你做了更充足準備能夠上大學的學程或課程,回想你如何發掘這些課程?從這些課程中你學到了些什麼並且如何運用在課業中或是生活中其他層面?
      • 或者

      • 你是否曾經面臨過任何與學校或課業相關的障礙或挑戰?你如何克服?

  5. Describe the most significant challenge you have faced and the steps you have taken to overcome this challenge. How has this challenge affected your academic achievement?
    • Things to consider: A challenge could be personal, or something you have faced in your community or school. Why was the challenge significant to you? This is a good opportunity to talk about any obstacles you’ve faced and what you’ve learned from the experience. Did you have support from someone else or did you handle it alone?

    • If you’re currently working your way through a challenge, what are you doing now, and does that affect different aspects of your life? For example, ask yourself, “How has my life changed at home, at my school, with my friends, or with my family?”

    • Tips:在你的生活中,是否曾經遭遇過任何困難?你如何克服它?在克服的過程中你學到了些什麼?

  6. Describe your favorite academic subject and explain how it has influenced you.
    • Things to consider: Discuss how your interest in the subject developed and describe any experience you have had inside and outside the classroom — such as volunteer work, summer programs, participation in student organizations and/or activities — and what you have gained from your involvement.

    • Has your interest in the subject influenced you in choosing a major and/or career? Have you been able to pursue coursework at a higher level in this subject (honors, AP, IB, college or university work)?

    • Tips:回想一下你修過的所有課程,然後,試著完成下列填空:我會修讀這堂課,即使這不是我必修的課程。記住,這個選擇不必是你成績最好的那門課,更重要的是,你從這門學科中得到樂趣,它為你帶來某種程度的影響。

  7. What have you done to make your school or your community a better place?
    • Things to consider: Think of community as a term that can encompass a group, team or a place – like your high school, hometown, or home. You can define community as you see fit, just make sure you talk about your role in that community. Was there a problem that you wanted to fix in your community?

    • Why were you inspired to act? What did you learn from your effort? How did your actions benefit others, the wider community or both? Did you work alone or with others to initiate change in your community?

    • Tips:你是否曾為你的學校或社群帶來任何正向改變?你採取了哪些步驟來完成這項任務?是什麼激發你採取行動?從你的努力中你學到了些什麼?

  8. What is the one thing that you think sets you apart from other candidates applying to the University of California?
    • Things to consider: Don’t be afraid to brag a little. Even if you don’t think you’re unique, you are — remember, there’s only one of you in the world. From your point of view, what do you feel makes you belong on one of UC’s campuses? When looking at your life, what does a stranger need to understand in order to know you?

    • What have you not shared with us that will highlight a skill, talent, challenge, or opportunity that you think will help us know you better? We’re not necessarily looking for what makes you unique compared to others, but what makes you, YOU.

    • Tips:
      • 列出三項你的個人特質(如果需要幫忙,問問朋友或家人,聽聽他們如何形容你)
      • 在生活中你最重視什麼?列出三項對你最重要的事物?
      • 列出三項你最熱衷的事物?
      • 列出三項你最珍惜的物品或財產?他們對你有什麼特殊意義?
      • 以上幾點是否有任何重疊?是否有任何一件事物特別突出?你是否想要與我們分享更多有關某一件事物的資訊?


11年級的同學們,準備好如何回答這些問題了嗎?現在就開始想想,哪些問題最適合自己發揮,或者,找你的Counselor聊聊吧!其他年級的同學們,不妨也練習一下,該如何回答這些問題呢?

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